There are several choices when it comes to choosing a college or university in the U.S. The following types of colleges and universities in U.S. providing higher education most of these are operated by the states and territories.
Community Colleges: These are public institutions that generally offer two-year associate degrees or diplomas or certificates, but an increasing number are also offering four-year degrees as well. More than 45% of American students start their college journey from Community Colleges. They earn Associate degree after completing two-years at these colleges and then transfer to a four-year college/university to complete a bachelor’s degree. Most community colleges are publicly supported by the state and local communities, although some are private. There are currently over 1,000 community colleges in the US, of which the great majority are public and state-funded.
Public or State Universities: Public universities may also be known as State universities. Some include the words ‘state university’ or include a regional element such as ‘Northern’ or ‘Eastern’ in their name. Public universities are often larger in numbers of enrolments of 20000 or more. They are often less expensive than private universities for international students. The most common degree programs offered by public universities are ESL, Bachelor’s degree, Master’s degree, Doctoral Degrees, Post-Doctoral Degrees.
Private Universities: Private universities are small universities funded or supported by tuition fees, alumni and other private donations, research contracts and grants. Tuition fees is higher than the public institutions and in-state and out-state students are charged the same fees. International students enjoy studying in private institutions in the USA for their technological resources, research facilities, and small class sizes. Along with the most commonly degree programs like Bachelor’s, Master’s, Doctoral, Post-Doctoral, some private colleges offer Pathways programs, 2+2 deferred programs and Co-op programs also to international students.
Technical Colleges: These colleges provide training programs in the field of Engineering, technology, and the physical sciences. They are often known as Institutes of Technology or Polytechnic Institutes and their degree programs are for four years for completion. Some examples of these institutions are MIT, Virginia Polytechnic College, Fox Valley Technical College, Stevens Institute of Technology etc.
Liberal Arts Colleges: These offer four-year programs that emphasizes a broad undergraduate degree. They offer programs in humanities, natural sciences, music, mathematics, languages, and social sciences. Most liberal arts institutions are private. Some examples Swarthmore, Amherst, Williams, Wellesley College etc. There are around less than 200 Liberal Arts Colleges in U.S.